Archive for the ‘Energy’ Category

Ri Jong Ho, high-level defector and former official in Office 39, says North Korea gets much more oil from Russia than previously known

Saturday, July 1st, 2017

Benjamin Katzeff Silberstein

In a fascinating interview by Kyodo News’s Tomotaro Inoue, Ri Jong Ho, a former high-level official in Office 39 of the Korean Worker’s Party, makes several fascinating claims about the supply of fuel to North Korea:

North Korea secures up to 300,000 tons of oil products from Russia each year through Singapore-based dealers, a defector who formerly managed funds for the leadership has told Kyodo News, posing a challenge for the United States as it seeks to isolate Pyongyang.

“North Korea has procured Russia-produced fuel from Singapore brokers and others since the 1990s…It is mostly diesel oil and partly gasoline,” Ri Jong Ho, 59, a former senior official of Office 39 of the Workers’ Party of Korea, said recently in the U.S. capital in his first interview with media under his own name.

Ri also said North Korea relies more on Russia than China for fuel to keep its economy moving, indicating that the U.S. drive for Beijing to restrict oil supplies over Pyongyang’s nuclear and missile programs will only have a limited effect.

“It is a wrong perception that North Korea is completely dependent on China,” he said.

Petroleum products have been shipped to North Korea by tankers leaving Vladivostok and Nakhodka, both in the Russian Far East, with the fuel widely used for cars, ships and trains, helping to support the North’s economy, Ri said.

Other sources familiar with the fuel deals said the petroleum products ending up in North Korea are often purchased by brokers who claim they are destined for China, with the items procured using forged paperwork.

Ri, who defected to South Korea with his family in October 2014, provided details of the activities of Office 39.

The secretive entity, said to have been established by former North Korean leader Kim Jong Il in May 1974, is subject to international sanctions as the United States and other Western countries believe it is engaged in illicit economic activities and the management of slush funds for the leadership.

He said North Korea has been trying to reduce its economic reliance on China, Pyongyang’s most important benefactor, since leader Kim Jong Un issued an order to expand trade with Russia and Southeast Asian countries in August 2014.

The order followed Chinese President Xi Jinping’s visit to South Korea a month earlier, during which he and then South Korean President Park Geun Hye expressed opposition to North Korea’s nuclear weapons development. It was the first time for a Chinese president to visit South Korea before traveling to the North.

Ri said the North Korean leader was “infuriated” by the visit, going so far as to call China an “enemy state,” and began taking measures to boost trade with Russia.

According to Ri, Office 39 has five central groups and systematically acquires foreign currency by sending laborers overseas as well as through gold mining and exports.

“It is an organization that manages the supreme leader’s coffers and the party’s funds to rule the country. It also leads trade activities to earn foreign currency,” Ri said. The office has enormous power as it is directly linked to the leadership and is independent of other government organs, he added.

Ri admitted that Office 39 has evaded U.N. sanctions by asking Chinese and Russian contacts to allow the use of their names for the opening of bank accounts for trade settlement.

The activities of Office 39 require the involvement of hundreds of thousands of people, including those in rural areas who produce items for export. Ri said the bureau is now headed by Chon Il Chun, first vice department director of the party’s Central Committee and a former classmate of Kim Jong Il, the current leader’s father.

A native of Wonsan on North Korea’s east coast, Ri was told to work in Pyongyang by the Central Committee in the mid-1980s. He operated a shipping company at Office 39’s Daehung group and later headed a trade control section in the group between 1998 and 2004.

The Daehung group earns revenue through farm exports and shipping operations, among other means. With exclusive rights to trade “matsutake” mushrooms and snow crabs, it was actively shipping those products to Japan before Tokyo imposed a total ban on trade with the North about 10 years ago.

The four other central groups are Kumgang, which dominates gold export activities, Daesong, involved in the shipment of processed products and intermediate trade overseas, Daesong Bank, in charge of the office’s banking operations, and a group dispatching workers to other countries.

Asked about the possibility that the foreign currency earned by North Korea is being used for its nuclear and missile development programs, Ri only said, “It is up to the supreme leader how to use the funds.”

North Korea receives 500,000 tons of crude oil each year through a pipeline from China, resulting in around 70,000 to 100,000 tons of gasoline and about 100,000 tons of diesel oil after refining, but the oil products are exclusively used by the North Korean army and are not good enough for cars that carry the elite, Ri said.

He also said crude oil purchased from other countries is refined by foreign companies based in China, leading to the importation into North Korea of an additional 50,000 to 100,000 tons of gasoline.

Full article here:
N. Korea procuring Russian fuel via Singapore dealers: defector
Tomotaro Inoue
Kyodo News


CNPC suspends fuel exports to North Korea

Wednesday, June 28th, 2017

Benjamin Katzeff Silberstein

In late June, Reuters reported that the Chinese state-owned enterprise, China National Petroleum Corporation, had suspended its exports of fuel to North Korea, ostensibly because of concerns that North Korean buyers would not be able to pay:

China National Petroleum Corp has suspended sales of fuel to North Korea over concerns the state-owned oil company won’t get paid, as pressure mounts on Pyongyang to rein in its nuclear and missile programmes, three sources told Reuters.

It’s unclear how long the suspension will last. A prolonged cut would threaten critical supplies of fuel and force North Korea to find alternatives to its main supplier of diesel and gasoline, as scrutiny of China’s close commercial ties with its increasingly isolated neighbour intensifies.

CNPC and the Ministry of Commerce did not respond to requests for comment. North Korea’s embassy in Beijing declined to comment.

Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Lu Kang, asked about the sale suspension and whether the Chinese government put pressure on CNPC to make this decision, said: “I do not understand this situation you are talking about” and declined to elaborate.

A source with direct knowledge of the matter said CNPC decided to put fuel sales on hold “over the last month or two” and described it as a “commercial decision”.

“It’s no longer worth the risks,” said the source. Chinese and international banks are stepping up compliance checks on companies dealing with countries on the U.S. sanctions list, such as North Korea, he said.

The North Korean agents who mostly buy the diesel and gasoline have been unable recently to pay for the supplies — CNPC normally requires upfront payments, the source said.

Reuters was unable to determine if the agents have started facing credit problems with Chinese and international banks worried about sanctions compliance issues.

Two other sources briefed about CNPC’s decision confirmed the suspension of diesel sales, but did not know directly about the gasoline move. The three people declined to be named due to the sensitivity of the matter and are not authorised to speak to the media.


Last year, China shipped just over 96,000 tonnes of gasoline and almost 45,000 tonnes of diesel worth a combined $64 million to North Korea, where it is used across the economy from fishermen and farmers to truckers and the military.[O/CHINA4]

Most of that was sold by CNPC, which has grown over the past two decades to dominate China’s energy trade with Pyongyang.

Data for May released on Friday showed China supplied significantly lower volumes of diesel and gasoline compared with a month earlier, although monthly tonnages can vary widely. June data will be released in late July.

Fuel prices in North Korea, meanwhile, have sharply risen in recent months, suggesting a tightening in supply.

A Reuters analysis of data collected by Daily NK showed the price of gasoline sold by private dealers in Pyongyang and the northern border cities of Sinuiju and Hyesan had hit $1.46 per kg on June 21, up almost 50 percent from April 21. Until then, they had remained relatively stable since late last year.

Diesel prices averaged $1.20 per kg as of June 21, more than double over the same period, according to Daily NK, a website run by defectors who collect prices via phone calls with North Korean fuel traders.

Full article:
Exclusive: China’s CNPC suspends fuel sales to North Korea as risks mount – sources
Chen Aizhu

This does not seem to imply that the CNPC altogether halted crude oil deliveries to North Korea, only deliveries of fuel purchased on a commercial basis. And usually, the first follow-up question to ask in reaction to news of China halting deliveries of supplies X, or the imports of good Y, is “for how long”?

These deliveries may of course have happened on other contracts, but NK Pro reports continued North Korean oil tanker presence in Chinese oil terminals in both May and June.


Chinese imports of North Korean coal down since February ban, data says

Tuesday, May 23rd, 2017

By Benjamin Katzeff Silberstein

Reuters reported today on the most recent figures on China-North Korean trade. They show that coal imports have declined, to the lowest level in three years, according to Reuters. It must be remembered that coal trade (in volume terms, not necessarily in USD-numbers) has climbed for several years in a row since 2010, so a relative decline does not mean catastrophically low levels. Also, of course, Chinese customs data should be taken with a huge grain of salt.


The world’s second-largest economy bought goods worth $99.3 million in April from North Korea, the lowest monthly tally since at least June 2014, according to Chinese customs data. Previous data was not available.

That compares with $114.6 million in March and $167.7 million a year earlier.

A fifth of the April total was iron ore imports, which hit 285,000 tonnes, their highest since August 2014. That was up 10 percent from a month earlier and 2-1/2 times higher than a year earlier.


Cho Bong-hyun, who heads research on North Korea’s economy at IBK Bank in Seoul, said China’s imports from North Korea were likely to continue to decline due to Pyongyang’s repeated missile tests and the suspension of coal shipments to China.

“This won’t be disastrous for North Korea, but it will obviously hurt North Korea because it tends to export goods to China worth around $3 billion per year,” he said.

The value of imports from North Korea has fallen month-on-month since December, the data showed.


China’s exports to North Korea eased to $288.2 million in April, down 12 percent from March. Exports for the first four months of the year were up 32 percent at $1 billion.

Diesel shipments to North Korea in April more than halved from March to 2,606 tonnes and gasoline sales dropped 6 percent to 13,496 tonnes. North Korea gets most of its oil needs from China.

Crude oil exports from China to North Korea have not been disclosed by customs for several years, but sources have put it at about 520,000 tonnes a year.

Cutting off oil to North Korea for an extended period would be a crippling measure that analysts have said they don’t expect China would take.


Data released later on Tuesday showed China did not take any North Korean coal in April for a second straight month, after Beijing’s ban of such imports following repeated missile tests by Pyongyang.

China imported 1.53 million tonnes of coal worth $72.3 million from North Korea in April 2016.

Full article:
China’s imports from North Korea sink as coal ban bites
Josephine Mason


North Korea-China trade grew by almost 40 percent in the first quarter of 2017

Thursday, April 13th, 2017

Benjamin Katzeff Silberstein

Reports New York Times

China released the first-quarter trade data just days after President Trump urged its leader, Xi Jinping, to clamp down on trade with North Korea. The two leaders met at Mr. Trump’s Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida last week.

With signs indicating that North Korea could be planning a nuclear or missile test as early as Saturday, a United States Navy strike group led by the aircraft carrier Carl Vinson is steaming toward the Korean Peninsula in a show of force. But the Trump administration has indicated that economic pressure — particularly imposed by China, with which North Korea conducts almost 90 percent of its trade — is its preferred form of deterrence.


The data released on Thursday showed that China’s trade with North Korea grew 37.4 percent in the first quarter of this year from the period in 2016. Chinese exports surged 54.5 percent, and imports increased 18.4 percent, the General Administration of Customs said at a news conference in Beijing.

China buys iron ore, zinc and other minerals from North Korea, as well as growing amounts of seafood and garments manufactured in the North’s well-equipped textile factories. China reported that its imports of North Korean iron were up 270 percent in January and February compared with the period in 2016.

But imports of coal dropped 51.6 percent in the first three months of 2017 compared with the first quarter of last year, said Huang Songping, a spokesman for the customs agency. Coal has been the biggest hard-currency earner among North Korea’s fairly limited menu of exports.


After the United Nations sanctions were announced, some economists said it was still possible for Chinese businesses to import coal on an off-the-books basis, using transactions that would not be recorded by customs officials.

But since mid-February, Chinese coal traders have said that their business has virtually vanished. “It’s over,” said a coal trader who operates from Dandong, a city on China’s northeastern border that functions as the main center of business with North Korea. The trader spoke on the condition of anonymity because he feared reprisals from the city authorities.

Full article:

China Says Its Trade With North Korea Has Increased
Jane Perlez and Yufan Huang


Still too early to tell on Chinese imports of North Korean coal

Monday, March 27th, 2017

By Benjamin Katzeff Silberstein

It is still far too early to say anything of certainty or substance on Chinese compliance on the UN resolution cap of $400 million on coal imports from North Korea. A few figures have come out over the past week that are of interest on the issue. Altogether, the statistics suggest that two parallel processes are at play. While China certainly seems to have imposed the coal ban at least in part to comply with the UN-mandated $400 million import cap, it also continues to shift its consumption to domestic coal in the face of a drive to draw down on coal consumption altogether.

Asย UPI reports, one angle is that China instituted the ban to pre-emptively ensure compliance with the cap, knowing that deliveries early in 2017 would come close:

The official, who spoke to local news service Newsis on the condition of anonymity, said a Chinese decision announced Feb. 18 to suspend all North Korean coal imports included an accounting of “excess” North Korean coal that was delivered to China in late 2016, according to the report.

“China is of the mind to carry over the excess of December [imports] to this year’s upper limit,” the official said.

Resolution 2321 also bans North Korea sales of copper, nickel, silver, zinc and even statues.

China agreed to play a key role in the agreement. All exports of North Korea coal would not exceed $400 million per annum or 7.5 million tons yearly.

In 2017, China has so far imported about $126 million of coal in January and $100 million in February.

While the total number of coal imported appears to be well below the annual quota, when the December data is included China reaches the upper limit of coal restrictions, the South Korean official said.

Full article:
Report: China suspended North Korea coal imports to not exceed quota
Elizabeth Shim
United Press International

Bloomberg reports the same figures, but give an added context. It is not only coal imports to China from North Korea that have fallen. Those from Australia and Mongolia have dropped, too:

China’s imports of North Korea anthracite coal in February fell 18.7 percent from a year ago to the lowest since January 2015, after a ban on imports as a result of the reclusive nation’s missile program. Imports of anthracite coal, a hard coal with a high energy content used in steel mills, dropped to 1.23 million tonnes in February from 1.45 million tonnes in January, data from the General Administration of Customs released on Thursday.

Waning shipments from North Korea follows Beijing’s decision in late February to ban coal imports entirely after Pyongyang tested an intermediate-range ballistic missile in a direct challenge to international efforts to stabilise the Korean peninsula.

The ban has also sent steel mills who use anthracite as a feed stock to find alternatives in the domestic market. Chinese anthracite prices gained more than 50 yuan($7.26) per tonne to around 780 yuan($113.26) in February, data provided by China Sublime Information Group showed. Imports from China’s top supplier Australia <COA-AUCN-IMP> in February plunged 29 percent from January to 5.16 million tonnes, the lowest since May. Still, Australian imports were 16.8 percent higher than a year ago, the data showed. The decline adds to speculation that China is trying to control coal imports to aid the country’s efforts to reduce overcapacity at domestic mines.

The head of China’s quality supervision agency vowed to crack down on low-quality coal import. Traders in southern Chinese ports also reported cases of cargoes delayed due to customs checks. Coal shipments from Mongolia <COA-MNCN-IMP> tumbled 37 percent from January to 1.97 million tonnes, though it more than doubled from the same period last year.

Full article:
China’s North Korean coal imports drop to two-year low on ban

Inย other words, it is not only imports of North Korean coal that have dropped. Imports from other countries have fallen too. The “import ban” and fall in imports, rather than beingย linked by direct causation, may stem from a combination of factors that were already at play. Any conclusions that “China is putting the squeeze on North Korea” or the like are still premature.

On a different note regarding China-North Korea-trade, NK Economy Watch editor Curtis Melvin notes on Radio Free Asia that the Nampo port oil terminal has been upgraded.ย Perhaps a sign of long-term expectations on the North Korean side of long-run trade ties with China…


China says it is suspending imports of North Korean coal for the rest of the year

Saturday, February 18th, 2017

By Benjamin Katzeff Silberstein

In yet another so-called “strong signal”, China’s commerce ministry said on Saturday it won’t be importing any more coal from North Korea for the rest of the year. Remember, that coal that was already basically supposed to not be imported after last year’s sanctions (save for that generating revenue for humanitarian purposes). And the imports of which was already supposed to be capped at a low monetary limit. And so on and so forth.

Of course, as a usual caveat this time couldย be different but whether or not this decision will be enforced, and how strictly, remains to be seen, to put it mildly. China has other concerns in its relationship with the Korean peninsula and North Korea than signalling its commitment to the international community. Moreover, as I have written before,ย there are many factors that impact Chinese imports of North Korean coal than central government decisions. Domestic demand is one, and hasย probably played a greater role than diplomatic considerations over the past few years.

Other than the missile launch, one could suspect this is also a signal against the killing of Kim Jong-nam, who livedย under Chinese protection.


China’s commerce ministry said Saturday it will suspend the import of North Korean coal, apparently in response to the latest provocations made by Pyongyang.

Beijing’s Ministry of Commerce said the decision, which comes into effect on Sunday, is in line with the United Nation’s sanction against North Korea. The suspension will be valid through Dec. 31, the ministry added.

“As coal takes up a significant portion of Pyongyang’s trade with China, the decision is anticipated to have a significant impact on North Korea,” an expert on China said.

Coal is estimated to take up 40 percent of North Korea’s exports to China.

China had banned imports of coal from North Korea in April last year, but had been making exceptions for those intended for household use, which led to criticism over the regulation’s effectiveness.

North Korea fired a new intermediate-range ballistic missile (IRBM) called the Pukguksong-2 on Sunday from an air base in the country’s northwestern province toward waters off its east coast.

Full article:
China suspends imports of N.Korean coal
Yonhap News

(Updateย 02-19-2017):ย an analysis from Choson Exchange:

When the UN Security Council imposed the cap on coal trade, China was left with the question of how such a cap could be implemented. Would there be an auction system for quotas? Is it able to track forward contracts or does it only know belatedly the level of coal trade after import figures come out? This problem came to the fore last year when the Chinese were unable to meet their commitments regarding the import cap as they wrestled with these problems.

China has generally chosen to ensure adequate flexibility in the wording of UNSC sanctions to give it wiggle room, rather than outright violating those rulings. Allowing a coal cap to pass at the UNSC indicates their willingness to adhere to the ruling. In imposing a ban for 2017, China probably took into account rapidly rising coal prices and a probable rush by companies to frontload sales ahead of the cap to predict that the coal cap would be breached far earlier in the year. Rather than risk a violation of the coal cap limit, China is proactively clamping down on trade.

Domestic concerns might also play a part. China is restricting domestic production of coal. Between domestic producers and North Korean ones, China obviously prefers the former.

Full article:
Why China imposed a ban on North Korean coal imports
Choson Exchange blog


Uptick in North Koreaโ€™s Renewable Energy Production

Thursday, November 17th, 2016

Institute for Far Eastern Studies (IFES)

In North Korea, there are now three solar-powered ferries that sail the Taedong River: the Okryu 1, the Okryu 2, and the Okryu 3.

The North Korean governmentโ€™s wire service, the Korean Central News Agency (KCNA), reported on November 4, 2016: โ€œThe ferries sail between Kim Il Sung Square and the Tower of the Juche Idea, guaranteeing that citizens can travel during the rush hour. . . . These solar powered-ferries provide ferry services both to workers and for guests from home and abroad in the form of tourist and chartered services.โ€

According to KCNA, the three ferries were built at Ryongnam Shipyard, each weigh 45 tons, have a maximum speed of 6 knots, and can take up to 50โ€“60 passengers.

According to Yun Hyok, the captain of Okryu 1, โ€œthe ferry is powered by the energy of sun light . . . the driving system was created with the energy and skill of our engineers. The ship can run for around 8 hours when fully charged.โ€

Since the 1990s, North Korea has expressed determination to achieve energy independence, with Kim Jong Un pointing to resolving electricity difficulties as being a priority back in 2011. Subsequently, in 2013, a law was introduced to encourage research and the production of renewable energy, and at this yearโ€™s Seventh Party Congress it was announced that two hydropower stations had been opened. The importance of energy independence was also emphasized at the congress. It has also been confirmed that North Korea has been pursuing a long-term plan to raise the amount of energy produced from renewable sources to 5 million kW. In order to achieve this target, the plan envisages by 2044 that wind power will provide 15 percent of total energy demand.

This plan was discovered through internal materials on display at the Natural Energy Research Centre, formed in November 2014 as a result of an order issued by Kim Jong Un to develop energy resources that do not pollute the environment.

An overseas visitor to the Natural Energy Research Centre said that โ€œthe Centre in Pyongyang has a diagram of the 30-year plan to develop renewable energy with the title โ€˜The dream and ideal of Natural Energy Science developmentโ€™. . . . The materials there also indicate plans to train specialists in the science of โ€˜natural energyโ€™ development, and plans related to the development and trial sites for wind power, geothermal energy, and solar thermal energy.โ€

Such plans mean that North Korea plans to develop renewable energy, in addition to building hydroelectric power plants and/or using Chinese/Russian power to deal with energy shortages. In other words, they intend to attempt to reduce their consumption of fossil fuels and develop renewable energy. Since Kim Jong Unโ€™s rise to power, a variety of measures have been put in place and investments made to broaden the use of renewable energy.


Electricity and the five year plan

Tuesday, May 17th, 2016

According to Yonhap:

A pro-North Korean newspaper based in Japan said Tuesday that easing electric power shortages will be a prerequisite for North Korea to implement its new five-year plan for economic growth.

Without spelling out details, North Korean leader Kim Jong-un laid out a five-year strategy aimed at boosting the country’s moribund economy at the party congress which concluded its four-day run on May 9.

Kim stressed that resolving the shortage of electric power is critical to carrying out his vision for economic growth, saying that nuclear power generation needs to increase.

The Chosun Sinbo hailed the North’s economic plan, saying that if realized, the move will pave the way to improve the livelihood of people and boost balanced growth.

“North Korea is likely to focus on developing the defense industry…and to make efforts to tweak its advanced technology on the military and space programs to be applied into the improvement of North Koreans’ livelihood,” the newspaper said.

At the party congress, the North’s leader made it clear that he will “permanently” defend the pursuit of his signature policy of developing nuclear weapons in tandem with boosting the country’s moribund economy, commonly known as the “byeongjin” policy.

The newspaper said that the communist country is expected to lay out measures to back up the “dual-track” policy at the party level.

“As Pyongyang raised the issue of power shortages, the country is likely to focus on uses of nuclear power,” said Chang Yong-seok, a researcher at Seoul National University’s Institute for Peace and Unification Studies.

Kim’s vision for economic growth came after the U.N. Security Council slapped its toughest sanctions to date on North Korea for its fourth nuclear test in January and long-range rocket launch the following month.

Analysts said that Kim’s five-year economic development vision is too short on detail, especially when compared with his grandfather Kim Il-sung’s blueprint for economic growth which was unveiled at the party congress held in October 1980.

The North’s founder unveiled the 10-point plan to build a socialist country by setting special targets in economic sectors.

Here is a link to the Choson Sinbo article.

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๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ•๊ตญ์˜ ํ‘œ์ƒ

์กฐ์„ ๋กœ๋™๋‹น ์ œ7์ฐจ๋Œ€ํšŒ๋Š” ์˜จ ์‚ฌํšŒ์˜ ๊น€์ผ์„ฑ-๊น€์ •์ผ์ฃผ์˜ํ™”์˜ ๋ชฉํ‘œ์™€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ•๊ตญ๊ฑด์„ค๊ฐ•๋ น์„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ•๊ตญ๊ฑด์„ค์„ ํ˜„์‹œ๊ธฐ ์กฐ์„ ๋กœ๋™๋‹น๊ณผ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ใ€Š์ด๋ ฅ์„ ์ง‘์ค‘ํ•ด์•ผ ํ•  ๊ธฐ๋ณธ์ „์„ ใ€‹์œผ๋กœ ๊ทœ์ •ํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค.

์„ธ๊ธฐ์™€ ์„ธ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ์ด์–ด ๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง„ ์กฐ๊ตญ๋ณด์œ„์ „, ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜์ˆ˜ํ˜ธ์ „์—์„œ ์Šน๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๊ฑฐ๋‘” ์กฐ์„ ์˜ ์ง„๋กœ๋Š” ใ€Š๊ฐœํ˜ใ€‹, ใ€Š๊ฐœ๋ฐฉใ€‹์˜ ๊ธฐ๋ฐœ์„ ๋“ค๊ณ  ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฅผ ์ถ”์ผœ์„ธ์šด ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค์ด ๊ฑท๋˜ ๊ธธ๊ณผ๋Š” ๋‹ค๋ฅด๋‹ค. ์กฐ์„ ์˜ ์ ๋Œ€๊ตญ๋“ค์€ ์ œ์žฌ, ๋ด‰์‡„์˜ ํ•ด์ œ์™€ ์™ธ๊ตญ์ž๋ณธ์˜ ๋ฅ˜์ž…์ด ์—†์ด๋Š” ์กฐ์„ ๊ฒฝ์ œ์˜ ํšŒ์ƒ์€ ๋ถˆ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•˜๋‹ค๋ฉฐ ๋ณ‘์ง„๋กœ์„ ์˜ ํฌ๊ธฐ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ•์š”ํ•˜๊ณ ์žˆ์ง€๋งŒ ํ˜๋Ÿฌ๊ฐ„ ์„ธ์›”์„ ์ž๋ž‘์ฐจ๊ฒŒ ์ดํ™”ํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ณ ๊ท€ํ•œ ํฌ์ƒ์šฐ์— ์ด๋ฃฉํ•œ ์Šน๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ž๋ถ€ํ•˜๋Š” ๋‹น๊ณผ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์ด์ œ์™€์„œ ๋ถ€๋‹นํ•œ ์••๋ ฅ์— ๊ตด๋ณตํ•˜์—ฌ ํƒ€ํ˜‘๊ณผ ์ข…์†์˜ ๊ธธ์„ ํƒํ•˜๋ฆฌ๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๋Š”๊ฒƒ์€ ์–ด๋ฆฌ์„๋‹ค.

๋‹น ์ œ7์ฐจ๋Œ€ํšŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ๋Š” ์กฐ์„ ์ด ๊ฑด์„คํ•˜๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ•๊ตญ์˜ ํ‘œ์ƒ์„ ๋ฐํ˜”๋‹ค. ๊ทธ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋Š” ใ€Š์ž๋ฆฝ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ•๊ตญใ€‹์ด๋‹ค. ๋‹ค์‹œ๋งํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ตญ๋ฐฉ๊ฑด์„ค๊ณผ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฑด์„ค, ์ธ๋ฏผ์ƒํ™œ์— ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ๋ฌผ์งˆ์ ์ˆ˜๋‹จ๋“ค์„ ์ž์ฒด๋กœ ์ƒ์‚ฐ๋ณด์žฅํ•˜๋Š” ๋‚˜๋ผ, ์ธ๋ฏผ์˜ ์ž์ฃผ์ •์‹ ๊ณผ ์ฐฝ์กฐ์ •์‹ , ๊ณผํ•™๊ธฐ์ˆ ์˜ ์œ„๋ ฅ์œผ๋กœ ์ „์ง„ํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ฐœ์ „ํ•˜๋Š” ๋‚˜๋ผ๋‹ค.

์˜ค๋Š˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋ฏฟ์„๊ฒƒ์€ ์˜ค์ง ์ž๊ธฐ ํž˜๋ฐ–์— ์—†๋‹ค, ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ๋„ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ๋„์™€์ฃผ๋ ค๊ณ  ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉฐ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ ๋‚˜๋ผ๊ฐ€ ํ†ต์ผ๋˜๊ณ  ๊ฐ•๋Œ€ํ•ด์ง€๋ฉฐ ์ž˜์‚ด๊ณ  ํฅํ•˜๋Š”๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ฐ”๋ผ์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”๋‹คโ€ฆ ๋‹น๋Œ€ํšŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ์˜ ๊ตฌ์ ˆ์ด๋‹ค. ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์—๋Š” ํ˜„ ๊ตญ์ œ์ •์„ธ์™€ ์„ธ๊ณ„๊ฒฝ์ œ์งˆ์„œ์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๋žญ์ •ํ•œ ๋ถ„์„๊ณผ ํŒ๋‹จ์ด ๊น”๋ ค์žˆ๋‹ค.

์กฐ์„ ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฑด์„คํ˜„์žฅ์— ํœ˜๋‚ ๋ฆฌ๋Š”๊ฒƒ์€ ์ž๊ฐ•๋ ฅ์ œ์ผ์ฃผ์˜์˜ ๊ธฐ๋ฐœ์ด๋‹ค. ๋‹น๋Œ€ํšŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ๋Š” ์ž์ฒด์˜ ํž˜๊ณผ ๊ธฐ์ˆ , ์ž์›์— ์˜๊ฑฐํ•˜์—ฌ ์ž๊ธฐ ๋ ฅ๋Ÿ‰์„ ๊ฐ•ํ™”ํ•˜๊ณ  ์•ž๊ธธ์„ ๊ฐœ์ฒ™ํ•ด๋‚˜๊ฐ„๋‹ค๋Š” ์ฃผ์ฒด์ ๊ด€์ ์—์„œ ๋ชจ๋“  ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ํ’€์–ด๋‚˜๊ฐˆ๊ฒƒ์„ ๊ฐ•์กฐํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค.

๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฑด์„ค์—์„œ ์‚ฌ๋Œ€์™€ ์™ธ์„ธ์˜์กด์„ ๋ฐฐ๊ฒฉํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๋˜๋Š”๊ฒƒ์€ ์กฐ์„ ์˜ ์ง€ํ–ฅ์ด ์ผ๋ฐ˜์ ์ธ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ถ€ํฅ์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ•๊ตญ์˜ ๊ฑด์„ค์— ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š”๊ฒƒ๊ณผ๋„ ๊ด€๋ จ๋œ๋‹ค. ์กฐ์„ ์€ ๊ตญ๋‚ด์ด์ƒ์‚ฐ์ด๋‚˜ ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์†Œ๋“์˜ ์ˆ˜์น˜๋งŒ์„ ๋†’์ด๋Š”๋ฐ ์น˜์šฐ์น ๊ฒƒ์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜์‹œ์ฑ…์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ธ๋ฏผ๋“ค์—๊ฒŒ ์œ ์กฑํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ฌธ๋ช…ํ•œ ์ƒํ™œ์„ ๋ณด์žฅํ•˜๋Š”๊ฒƒ์„ ๋ชฉํ‘œ๋กœ ์‚ผ๊ณ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์ธ๋ฏผ์„ ์œ„ํ•œ ์ธ๋ฏผ์˜ ๋‚˜๋ผ, ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ•๊ตญ์˜ ๊ฑด์„ค์€ ์ž๋ณธ์ฃผ์˜๋ฐฉ์‹์œผ๋กœ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฅผ ๋ฐœ์ „์‹œ์ผœ์˜จ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค์˜ ใ€Š์„ ์˜ใ€‹๋‚˜ ใ€Š์›์กฐใ€‹๋”ฐ์œ„๋Š” ์• ๋‹น์ดˆ ๊ธฐ๋Œ€ํ•˜์ง€ ๋ง์•„์•ผ ํ•  ์ „์ธ๋ฏธ๋‹ต์˜ ๊ธธ์ด๋‹ค.

5๊ฐœ๋…„์ „๋žต์˜ ์ˆ˜ํ–‰

๋‹น ์ œ7์ฐจ๋Œ€ํšŒ๋Š” 2016๋…„๋ถ€ํ„ฐ 2020๋…„๊นŒ์ง€์˜ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฐœ์ „ 5๊ฐœ๋…„์ „๋žต์„ ์ˆ˜ํ–‰ํ• ๋ฐ ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ณผ์—…์„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค.

์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜๊ณ„ํš๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์‹ค์‹œ๋˜๋Š” ์กฐ์„ ์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ณผ๊ฑฐ์— ใ€Š5๊ฐœ๋…„๊ณ„ํšใ€‹, ใ€Š7๊ฐœ๋…„๊ณ„ํšใ€‹๊ณผ ๊ฐ™์€ ์ „๋ง๊ณ„ํš์ด ์ˆ˜๋ฆฝ, ์‹คํ–‰๋˜์˜€๋Š”๋ฐ 1990๋…„๋Œ€ ์ดํ›„๋Š” ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋‚œ๊ด€์— ์ฒ˜ํ•˜์—ฌ ์ „๋ง๊ณ„ํš์„ ์„ธ์šธ ํ˜•ํŽธ์ด ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์•˜๋‹ค. ์ด๋ฒˆ์— ๋‹จ๋…„๋„๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹Œ 5๋…„๊ฐ„์˜ ๋ชฉํ‘œ๊ฐ€ ใ€Š๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฐœ์ „์ „๋žตใ€‹์œผ๋กœ ์ •๋ฆฝ๋˜๊ณ  ๋‹น๋Œ€ํšŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ๊ฐ€ ๊ทธ ์ˆ˜ํ–‰๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ๊ฐ•์กฐํ•œ๊ฒƒ์€ ์กฐ์„ ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋ณธ์—ฐ์˜ ์ฒด๊ณ„๋ฅผ ๊ฐ–์ถ”์–ด๋‚˜๊ฐ€๊ณ ์žˆ์Œ์„ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋Š” ์ง•ํ‘œ๋‹ค.

๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฐœ์ „5๊ฐœ๋…„์ „๋žต์˜ ๋ชฉํ‘œ๋Š” ์ธ๋ฏผ๊ฒฝ์ œ์ „๋ฐ˜์„ ํ™œ์„ฑํ™”ํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ถ€๋ฌธ์‚ฌ์ด์˜ ๊ท ํ˜•์„ ๋ณด์žฅํ•˜์—ฌ ๋‚˜๋ผ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฅผ ์ง€์†์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐœ์ „์‹œํ‚ฌ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š” ํ† ๋Œ€๋ฅผ ๋งˆ๋ จํ•˜๋Š”๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค. ์ด ์ „๋žต์ˆ˜ํ–‰์˜ ์„ ๊ฒฐ์กฐ๊ฑด์ด ๋ฐ”๋กœ ์ „๋ ฅ๋ฌธ์ œ์˜ ํ•ด๊ฒฐ์ด๋ฉฐ ๋‹น๋Œ€ํšŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ๋Š” ์›์ž๋ ฅ๋ฐœ์ „์˜ ์ถ”์ง„ ๋“ฑ ์ผ๋ จ์˜ ๋ฐฉ๋„๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด์„œ๋„ ์–ธ๊ธ‰ํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค.

์กฐ์„ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฅผ ๋‘˜๋Ÿฌ์‹ผ ํ™˜๊ฒฝ์€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜์‹œ์žฅ์ด ์กด์žฌํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋ฅผ ์ „์ œ๋กœ ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋‹ค๋…„๋„์— ๊ฑธ์นœ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฐœ์ „๊ณ„ํš์ด ์ˆ˜๋ฆฝ, ์‹คํ–‰๋˜๋˜ 1980๋…„๋Œ€ ์ด์ „์‹œ๊ธฐ์™€ ๋‹ค๋ฅด๋‹ค. ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ถ€ํฅ์˜ ์ถœ๋กœ๋Š” ์™ธ๋ถ€๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ๋‚ด๋ถ€์—์„œ ์ฐพ์•„์•ผ ํ•œ๋‹ค. ๋‹น๋Œ€ํšŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ๋Š” ๊ณผํ•™๊ธฐ์ˆ ์„ ์‚ฌํšŒ๋ฐœ์ „์˜ ์ถ”๋™๋ ฅ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ผ์„๋ฐ ๋Œ€ํ•˜์—ฌ ์ง€์ ํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ณผํ•™์ž๋“ค์ด ๋‚จ๋“ค์ด ๊ฑธ์€ ๊ธธ์„ ๋”ฐ๋ผ๋งŒ ๊ฐˆ๊ฒƒ์ด ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ๋ฏผ์กฑ์ ์ž์กด์‹ฌ์„ ํญ๋ฐœ์‹œ์ผœ ๋…„๋Œ€์™€ ๋…„๋Œ€๋ฅผ ๋›ฐ์—ฌ๋„˜์œผ๋ฉฐ ๋น„์•ฝํ• ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ˜ธ์†Œํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค.

ํ•œํŽธ ๋‹น๋Œ€ํšŒ ๋ณด๊ณ ๋Š” ๋ฌด์—ญ๊ตฌ์กฐ์˜ ๊ฐœ์„ , ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๊ตฌ๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํˆฌ์ž์กฐ๊ฑด๋ณด์žฅ ๋“ฑ ๋Œ€์™ธ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ด€๊ณ„๋ฅผ ํ™•๋Œ€๋ฐœ์ „์‹œํ‚ฌ๋ฐ ๋Œ€ํ•ด์„œ๋„ ๊ฐ•์กฐํ•˜์˜€๋‹ค. ์ž๊ฐ•๋ ฅ์ œ์ผ์ฃผ์˜๋Š” ใ€ŠํŽ˜์‡„๊ฒฝ์ œใ€‹์™€ ๋ฌด๊ด€ํ•˜๋‹ค. ์„ธ๊ณ„ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค๊ณผ์˜ ๊ต๋ฅ˜, ํ˜‘๋ ฅ์˜ ์ถ”์ง„์€ ์กฐ์„ ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ถ€ํฅ์ „๋žต์—์„œ ๋ณ€ํ•จ์—†๋Š” ๊ธฐ๋‘ฅ์˜ ํ•˜๋‚˜๋‹ค.

๋ณ‘์ง„๋กœ์„ ์˜ ์‹คํšจ์„ฑ

์กฐ์„ ์˜ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜๊ฒฝ์ œ๋Š” ์‹œ๋Œ€์˜ ์š”๊ตฌ์™€ ์ธ๋ฏผ์˜ ๋ฆฌ์ต์„ ๋ฐ˜์˜ํ•˜์—ฌ ๋ถ€๋‹จํžˆ ๋ณ€ํ™”๋ฐœ์ „ํ•˜๊ณ ์žˆ๋‹ค. ์ง€๋‚œ ์„ธ๊ธฐ ๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰๋…„๋Œ€์— ์ง๋ฉดํ•œ ์ตœ์•…์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ์ ์‹œ๋ จ์„ ๊ทน๋ณตํ•œ ๋‹ค์Œ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋‚˜๋ผ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ์‚ฌ๋ น๋ถ€์ธ ๋‚ด๊ฐ์˜ ์—ญํ• ์ด ๋” ๊ฐ•์กฐ๋˜๊ณ  ๋‚ด๊ฐ์ฑ…์ž„์ œ, ๋‚ด๊ฐ์ค‘์‹ฌ์ œ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅด๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์ œ์ž‘์ „, ์ง€ํœ˜์˜ ์งˆ์„œ๊ฐ€ ์„ธ์›Œ์กŒ๋‹ค. ์ƒˆ ์„ธ๊ธฐ์— ๋“ค์–ด์„œ์„œ๋Š” ใ€Š์šฐ๋ฆฌ์‹ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ด€๋ฆฌ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•ใ€‹์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ํƒ๊ตฌ์™€ ์‹ค์ฒœ์ด ์ƒˆ ์ฐจ์›์—์„œ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์ตœ๊ทผ๋…„๊ฐ„์€ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜๊ธฐ์—…์ฑ…์ž„๊ด€๋ฆฌ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์‹ค์‹œ๋˜์—ฌ ์€์„ ๋‚ด๊ณ ์žˆ๋‹ค.

๋‹น์ค‘์•™์œ„์›ํšŒ ์ œ7๊ธฐ ์ œ1์ฐจ ์ „์›ํšŒ์˜์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์ œ์‚ฌ๋ น๋ถ€์˜ ์ฑ…์ž„์ž์ธ ๋‚ด๊ฐ์ด๋ฆฌ๊ฐ€ ๋‹น์ค‘์•™์œ„์›ํšŒ ์ •์น˜๊ตญ ์ƒ๋ฌด์œ„์›(5๋ช…)๊ณผ ๋‹น์ค‘์•™๊ตฐ์‚ฌ์œ„์›ํšŒ ์œ„์›(11๋ช…)์œผ๋กœ ์„ ๊ฑฐ๋˜์˜€๋‹ค. ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฑด์„ค๊ณผ ํ•ต๋ฌด๋ ฅ๊ฑด์„ค์˜ ๋ณ‘์ง„๋กœ์„ ์„ ์ฒ ์ €ํžˆ ๊ด€์ฒ ํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ทธ ์‹คํšจ์„ฑ์„ ๋”์šฑ ๋†’์ด๋Š” ๋Œ€์ฑ…๋“ค์ด ๋‹น์ ์ฐจ์›์—์„œ ์ด๋ฃจ์–ด์ ธ๋‚˜๊ฐˆ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.

๊ตญ๋ฐฉ๊ณต์—…์„ ์šฐ์„ ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ฐœ์ „์‹œํ‚ค๋ฉด์„œ ๊ฒฝ๊ณต์—…๊ณผ ๋†์—…์„ ๋™์‹œ์— ๋ฐœ์ „์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋„, ๊ตฐ์‚ฌ์™€ ์šฐ์ฃผ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ๋ถ€๋ฌธ ๋“ฑ์˜ ์ตœ์ฒจ๋‹จ๊ธฐ์ˆ ์„ ๋ฏผ์ƒ๊ธฐ์ˆ ๋กœ ์ „์šฉํ•˜์—ฌ ์ธ๋ฏผ์ƒํ™œํ–ฅ์ƒ์œผ๋กœ ์ด์–ด๊ฐ€๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•๋ก  ๋“ฑ ์กฐ์„ ์˜ ๊ตญ๋ ฅ์— ๊ฑธ๋งž๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์ œ์ •์ฑ…์ด ๊ตฌ์ฒดํ™”๋ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ๋ณด์ธ๋‹ค. ์กฐ์„ ์‹ ์‚ฌํšŒ์ฃผ์˜๊ฒฝ์ œ์˜ ์ง„๋ฉด๋ชจ๋Š” ์•ž์œผ๋กœ ๋‹น๋Œ€ํšŒ์—์„œ ์–ธ๊ธ‰๋œ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฒฝ์ œ๋ฐœ์ „5๊ฐœ๋…„์ „๋žต์ด ์ˆ˜ํ–‰๋˜๋Š” ๊ณผ์ •์— ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋šœ๋ ท์ด ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ ๊ฒƒ์ด๋‹ค.

Read the full story here:
Easing power shortage critical for N.K.’s new economy plan: report


New power plants operational before KWP congress

Wednesday, May 11th, 2016

The Paektusan Hero Youth Power Station No. 3


Pictured above (Yonhap): The Paektusan Hero Youth Power Station No. 3


Pictured Above (Google Earth): The dam is too recent to appear on Google Earth imagery as of publication, but here are the locations of Paektusan Hero Youth Power Stations Nos 1-3

According to KCNA (2016-5-21):

Paektusan Hero Youth Power Stations in Full Operation

The Paektusan Hero Youth Power stations, built in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea as a symbol of youth power, are now running at full capacity to supply electricity to the area of Mt. Paektu.

Kim Hyong Dok, chairman of the Samjiyon County, Ryanggang Province, People’s Committee, told KCNA:

Now is the dry season, but the stations have generated much electricity for industrial establishments, public cultural establishments and residential quarters in the county.

They are greatly helpful to the county’s economic development and the improvement of its population’s livelihood.

Academician, Prof. and Dr. So Pyong Hwa of Hamhung University of Hydraulic Engineering, said:

Electricity from the stations is also supplied to its neighboring Pochon and Paekam counties and Hyesan City.

It is very gratifying to see the safe conditions of hydraulic structures and generators at the stations. And it is better to read the mentality of their employees resolved to contribute to the province’s economic development and the improvement of its inhabitants’ livelihood with increased electricity production.

According to KCNAย (2016-3-31):

Dam Project of Paektusan Hero Youth Power Station No. 3 Completed

Members of the youth shock brigade of the DPRK finished the dam project of the Paektusan Hero Youth Power Station No. 3 on March 31.

Members of the shock brigade and other builders vied with each other to mount the dam to greet the historic moment of the completion of the dam project.
At 10 a.m. they made a report on the completion of the dam project to supreme leader Kim Jong Un, looking up to the sky above Pyongyang.

The project started on January 13.

The completion of the dam project in a matter of less than three months represents a heroic epic which could be created only by the heroes of the youth power who grew up under the care of the peerlessly great men of Mt Paektu and a miracle they worked as young people of heroic Korea by bringing about a great leap forward by doing 10 yearsโ€™ work just in one year.

Kim Jong-un visited on April 23.

Yonhap reports that its hasty construction meant the dam was not properly constructed, and it is already leaking.

The Paektusan Hero Youth Power Stations 1 & 2 were formally known as the Paektusan Songun Youth Power Stations. The Paektusan Songun Power Station No. 2 was submitted to the UNFCCC program.

It is still too early to tell, but it appears that power from these three plants will be going to Samjiyon and maybe Hyesan.

Wonsan Army-People Power Station


Above (Google Earth): The wonsan Army-People Power Station Dam, canal, and two hydro power stations.


Above (Rodong Sinmun)

According to Rodong Sinmun (2016-5-2):

Large-scale Wonsan Army-People Power Station has been built in Kangwon Province.

The power station has provided a foundation for generating the electricity necessary for developing the economy and improving the living standard of the people and solving the issues of household water, industrial water and irrigation water in the province.

An inaugural ceremony of the power station took place on April 29.

Present at the ceremony were Pak Pong Ju, O Su Yong, officials concerned, builders and working people.

A message of thanks from the Central Committee of the Workers’ Party of Korea (WPK) was delivered.

The message appreciated the builders of the power station and supporters for building another monumental edifice representing the era of the Workersโ€™ Party by dint of self-development and self-reliance as a laudable present to the Seventh Congress of the WPK.

Pak Jong Nam, chief secretary of the Kangwon Provincial Committee of the WPK, in a speech called upon the officials, working people and builders of the province to create a fresh Mallima speed in their worksites in the same spirit as was displayed in the construction of the power station.

At the end of the ceremony the participants went round the power station.

This project was submitted to the UNFCCC for consideration.


Gasoline prices in North Korea up by 52 pct in first week of April

Friday, April 8th, 2016

By Benjamin Katzeff Silberstein

Daily NK reports some interesting (albeit anecdotal) price data from North Korea:

Firm sanctions imposed by the UN on North Korea have now been in effect for over a month. Although rice prices and the exchange rate in North Korean markets have remained relatively stable, the price of fuel has skyrocketed.

On April 4, Daily NK spoke with a source in Ryanggang Province who confirmed these facts. The price of 1 kilogram [the kilogram is the standard measurement of gasoline and diesel fuel in North Korea, though the liter is often used colloquially] of gasoline, which was 7,000 KPW [0.86 USD] at the end of March, increased in the first week of April to 10,700 KPW [1.32 USD].

This represents a 52 percent price increase in just a week.

Sources in North Hamgyong Province and Pyongyang have corroborated this news, reporting that prices in their regions are reflecting the trends prevailing in Ryanggang Province.

Diesel fuel prices have increased in tandem with gasoline. In Hyesan, 1 kilogram of gasoline is going for 6,350 KPW [0.78 USD] at the markets, a 1,000 KPW [0.12 USD] increase over last monthโ€™s prices.

This is a much smaller prices change — an 18 percent increase — but still significant.

A major factor behind the price spike is thought to be the large-scale construction projects that are underway, the source said, further noting that, โ€œWorkers mobilized for construction projects are saying that their worries are increasing at the same rate as fuel prices.โ€

Concerns that these prices will only continue to rise are widespread. Of particular importance, because planting season is just around the corner, farmers are also trying to procure fuel supplies for themselves, increasing demand and further exacerbating the situation. This has been made more difficult by the fact that fuel previously supplied to the markets through smuggling is comparatively harder to come by due to intensified crackdowns on these activities.

Furthermore, April and May are the prime months for catching mackerel, and June is when squid season gets underway. In anticipation of this busy period, fishermen are anxious to get their hands on fuel. โ€œAs the saying goes,โ€ the source said, โ€œfishing is survival, and the fishermen anticipate huge losses this year if they fail to secure an adequate supply of fuel right now.โ€

Citizens are divided over whether or not the sanctions are responsible for driving the increase in fuel costs, the source added. Although some believe that this is the sanctions beginning to show their effects, others are blaming the military for siphoning off supplies, pointing out that prices for other goods have remained constant.

As is often the case, it seems the price increases cannot be attributed to one single factor such as the sanctions. Aside from the factors cited above,ย it would not be surprising if expectations play a roleย and hoarding has increased, out of anticipation that sanctions may sooner or later impact prices.

Full article here:
April brings fuel price hike
Kang Mi Jin
Daily NK